Resource

Fighting for Freedom in New Amsterdam

The self-emancipation efforts of enslaved woman Mayken van Angola.

A frayed 1662 petition for release, written in Dutch, for enslaved Mayken Van Angola, Lucretia Albiecke van Angola, and the wife of Peter Tamboer.
Petition

Petition, December 28, 1662. New York State Archives. Translation by Eric Ruijssenaars.

A frayed 1663 petition for release, written in Dutch, for elderly and enslaved Mayken Van Angola.
Petition

Petition, April 19, 1663. New York State Archives. Translation by Eric Ruijssenaars.

A tattered, handwritten 1664 certificate issued by the Dutch West India Company, liberating formerly enslaved Mayken Van Angola.
Certificate

Certificate, April 17, 1664. New York State Archives. Translation by Eric Ruijssenaars.

Document Text

Summary

In the name of and on behalf of the lords Directors of the Dutch West India Company, we permit the negress Mayken to be made free so that she can make her living in an honest way like any free black person . . .