Nicolás Enríquez de Vargas (artist), Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, ca. 1750. Oil on canvas. Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City.
François (Franz) Fleischbein (artist), Portrait of Betsy, 1837. The Historic New Orleans Collection, acc. no. 1985.212.
Jarena Lee, 1849. Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee: giving an account of her call to preach the gospel, frontispiece. Engraving. New-York Historical Society Library.
Unknown photographer, A Typical Boomer Family, ca. 1890. New-York Historical Society.
Unidentified African American woman in uniform, 1861. New-York Historical Society Library.
Cihak and Zima (photographer), Ida B. Wells-Barnett, ca. 1893-1894. University of Chicago Library, Special Collections Research Center.
Gertrude Kasebier (photographer), Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, c. 1898. Gertrude Kasebier, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Chien-shiung Wu (1912-1997), professor of physics at Columbia University, 1963. Smithsonian Institute Archives Image # SIA 2010-1509.
“Oportunidades Iguales Para Las Mujeres En El Trabajo y La Educaccion”, Women’s Strike for Equality, New York, Fifth Avenue, 1970, Eugene Gordon photograph collection, 1970-1990. New-York Historical Society Library.
Astronaut Ellen Ochoa, mission specialist, carries her son Wilson Miles-Ochoa following the STS-96 crew return at Ellington Field. June 7, 1999. NASA on The Commons, via flickr
Professor Alice Kessler-Harris talks with scholars about the history of women’s work in this Massive Open Online Course from Columbia University in collaboration with New-York Historical.
Check out more videos in the Video Library
Settler Colonialism and the American Revolution, 1692-1783
Alice Kessler-Harris overviews women’s duties and participation in society in the immediate aftermath of the American Revolution.
A Nation Divided, 1832-1877
Alice Kessler-Harris discusses the experience of enslaved Black women with Deborah Gray White. Content warning: This video discusses sexual assault and physical violence.
Modernizing America, 1889-1920
Alice Kessler-Harris examines how women’s citizenship in the early 20th century was tied to marriage.
Alice Kessler-Harris discusses how Black women organized in the Progressive Era to support their communities with Deborah Gray White.
Confidence and Crises, 1920-1948
Alice Kessler-Harris explores some of the impacts of the Great Depression on women’s work and domestic life.
Growth and Turmoil, 1948-1977
Alice Kessler-Harris outlines the historical context in which people advocated for equality in the 1970s.
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