Nicolás Enríquez de Vargas (artist), Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, ca. 1750. Oil on canvas. Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City.
François (Franz) Fleischbein (artist), Portrait of Betsy, 1837. The Historic New Orleans Collection, acc. no. 1985.212.
Jarena Lee, 1849. Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee: giving an account of her call to preach the gospel, frontispiece. Engraving. New-York Historical Society Library.
Building a New Nation, 1783-1828 explores the foundation of the new nation, how women’s rights were suppressed in the formation of the new government, and the central roles women played in the creation of the new American identity.
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Unknown photographer, A Typical Boomer Family, ca. 1890. New-York Historical Society.
Expansions and Inequalities, 1820-1869 examines what Westward Expansion meant to the diverse women living within and outside of the expanding nation’s borders, how women responded to the burgeoning immigration debate, and the roles women played in the early years of the Industrial Revolution.
Unidentified African American woman in uniform, 1861. New-York Historical Society Library.
Cihak and Zima (photographer), Ida B. Wells-Barnett, ca. 1893-1894. University of Chicago Library, Special Collections Research Center.
Industry and Empire, 1866-1898 considers women’s rights at the end of the 19th century as the nation redefined the boundaries and privileges of citizenship.
Gertrude Kasebier (photographer), Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, c. 1898. Gertrude Kasebier, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Chien-shiung Wu (1912-1997), professor of physics at Columbia University, 1963. Smithsonian Institute Archives Image # SIA 2010-1509.
“Oportunidades Iguales Para Las Mujeres En El Trabajo y La Educaccion”, Women’s Strike for Equality, New York, Fifth Avenue, 1970, Eugene Gordon photograph collection, 1970-1990. New-York Historical Society Library.
Sarah Atwood Yale (maker), “I march against…” embroidered sign carried at Women’s March on Chicago, 2017. New-York Historical Society, Gift of Sarah Atwood Yale.
The Information Age, 1974-2018 looks at the experiences of women as technology, globalization, and increasingly polarized politics shaped the nation.
Bring WAMS to life using short animated videos based on inspiring women’s stories and key themes.
Learn more about the legal principle of coverture, which continues to shape American women’s lives.
Learn more about Malitzen, an enslaved indigenous woman who acted as the primary interpreter for Hernan Cortés during his conquest of the Aztec Empire.
Learn more about Thomas(ine) Hall, an intersex person in colonial Virginia whose gender identity became the subject of a court case in their small community.
Learn more about Elizabeth Freeman, an enslaved woman whose court case set the legal precedent to abolish slavery in Massachusetts.
Learn more about Lorenda Holmes, a Loyalist spy in New York who did everything she could to undermine the American war efforts.
Learn more about Ida B. Wells, an anti-lynching crusader who used the power of journalism and statistical evidence to raise awareness about the most extreme horrors of life under Jim Crow.
Learn more about Zitkala-Sa, an activist and composer who fought tirelessly for Native American rights and citizenship.
Learn more about Emma Tenayuca, a labor leader who led a major food-industry strike in her early 1920s and was eventually ostracized for her political beliefs.
Learn more about Chien-Shiung Wu, a Chinese American physicist who contributed to the development of the atomic bomb and overcame many racial and gender barriers.
For centuries, women in the United States have used activism to voice their concerns about society and secure their rights as citizens.
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