Nicolás Enríquez de Vargas (artist), Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, ca. 1750. Oil on canvas. Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City.
François (Franz) Fleischbein (artist), Portrait of Betsy, 1837. The Historic New Orleans Collection, acc. no. 1985.212.
Jarena Lee, 1849. Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee: giving an account of her call to preach the gospel, frontispiece. Engraving. New-York Historical Society Library.
Unknown photographer, A Typical Boomer Family, ca. 1890. New-York Historical Society.
Expansions and Inequalities, 1820-1869 examines what Westward Expansion meant to the diverse women living within and outside of the expanding nation’s borders, how women responded to the burgeoning immigration debate, and the roles women played in the early years of the Industrial Revolution.
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Unidentified African American woman in uniform, 1861. New-York Historical Society Library.
Cihak and Zima (photographer), Ida B. Wells-Barnett, ca. 1893-1894. University of Chicago Library, Special Collections Research Center.
Gertrude Kasebier (photographer), Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, c. 1898. Gertrude Kasebier, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Chien-shiung Wu (1912-1997), professor of physics at Columbia University, 1963. Smithsonian Institute Archives Image # SIA 2010-1509.
“Oportunidades Iguales Para Las Mujeres En El Trabajo y La Educaccion”, Women’s Strike for Equality, New York, Fifth Avenue, 1970, Eugene Gordon photograph collection, 1970-1990. New-York Historical Society Library.
Sarah Atwood Yale (maker), “I march against…” embroidered sign carried at Women’s March on Chicago, 2017. New-York Historical Society, Gift of Sarah Atwood Yale.
The Information Age, 1974-2018 looks at the experiences of women as technology, globalization, and increasingly polarized politics shaped the nation.
Sources that illustrate the lives of women in the plantation system.
A newspaper account of Confederate women smuggling goods out of the Union.
The story of a middle class Confederate farmer’s wife who took over the farm during the war.
This collection of sources illustrates the backbreaking nature of laundry work, one of the few professional opportunities open to Black women in the Reconstruction Era.
Black laundry workers in Jackson, Mississippi demand living wages in 1866.
Article about a charitable enterprise that supported middle class Civil War widows.
A newspaper article that illustrates how Black workers were the targets of racist campaigns led by white supremacists in the Reconstruction Era.
The story of a woman who purchased her own freedom and became the dressmaker of the First Lady.
The life story of a Confederate woman who lost everything and turned to white supremacy.
The life story of a woman who survived slavery and built a new life in Reconstruction.