Nicolás Enríquez de Vargas (artist), Portrait of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, ca. 1750. Oil on canvas. Chapultepec Castle, Mexico City.
François (Franz) Fleischbein (artist), Portrait of Betsy, 1837. The Historic New Orleans Collection, acc. no. 1985.212.
Jarena Lee, 1849. Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee: giving an account of her call to preach the gospel, frontispiece. Engraving. New-York Historical Society Library.
Unknown photographer, A Typical Boomer Family, ca. 1890. New-York Historical Society.
Expansions and Inequalities, 1820-1869 examines what Westward Expansion meant to the diverse women living within and outside of the expanding nation’s borders, how women responded to the burgeoning immigration debate, and the roles women played in the early years of the Industrial Revolution.
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Unidentified African American woman in uniform, 1861. New-York Historical Society Library.
Cihak and Zima (photographer), Ida B. Wells-Barnett, ca. 1893-1894. University of Chicago Library, Special Collections Research Center.
Gertrude Kasebier (photographer), Zitkala Sa, Sioux Indian and activist, c. 1898. Gertrude Kasebier, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Chien-shiung Wu (1912-1997), professor of physics at Columbia University, 1963. Smithsonian Institute Archives Image # SIA 2010-1509.
“Oportunidades Iguales Para Las Mujeres En El Trabajo y La Educaccion”, Women’s Strike for Equality, New York, Fifth Avenue, 1970, Eugene Gordon photograph collection, 1970-1990. New-York Historical Society Library.
Sarah Atwood Yale (maker), “I march against…” embroidered sign carried at Women’s March on Chicago, 2017. New-York Historical Society, Gift of Sarah Atwood Yale.
The Information Age, 1974-2018 looks at the experiences of women as technology, globalization, and increasingly polarized politics shaped the nation.
Sources that illustrate the lives of women in the plantation system.
A war order that changed international policies toward white women civilians during war.
A letter written by Sarah Watie, wife of the leader of the Cherokee, describing the toll the American Civil War took on their nation.
Photographs of women who disguised themselves as men to fight during the Civil War.
These cartoons demonstrate the conflicting expectations of women during the Civil War.
The story of the Underground Railroad’s most famous conductor and Civil War soldier.
The story of the woman who was First Lady during the American Civil War.
The story of a woman who survived the Union contraband camps.
The story of a Latinx Confederate soldier and spy.
This alternate draft of the Thirteenth Amendment would have granted American women equal citizenship under the law.